The Humpback is a baleen whale and is best known for lunge feeding on krill or schools of small baitfish, such as herring or sardines. While lunge feeding, the whale emerges from the water with a gaping mouth pointed upwards as it engulfs a mouthful of prey water. The large tongue of the whales forces through the water through the baleen, straining the food. Humpback Whales will also feed cooperatively by blowing bubble nets around their confused fish prey.
The Humpback Whales is probably best known for its complex and lengthy songs. Only the males of this species are singers, and the songs are believed to play some role in mating behaviors.
Humpback Whales are found throughout the worlds tropical and temperate oceans. They were extensively targeted by the whaling industry at one time. Which drastically decreased their population. However, females produce a single calf every two to three years for their entire adult life, hastening population growth back to a healthy level.
The scalloped edge and the under-side of the tail flukes of Humpback Whales are distinctive enough to allow ID of individuals.